Top Methodologies Used in Software Development
Whether you want to be a successful tech entrepreneur or you want to enhance your business, it is crucial to focus on your investment, product quality, productivity and time. In order to utilize your resources and time in the right, you need to choose the right methodology regardless of your business size.
When it comes to software development, methodology and work culture play a vital role. A methodology is defined as a framework that is used to create structure, plan and control the process of creating the required system. Methodologies are the first ever step in creating a development process and there is no part of the technicality. All you need is a proper plan and choose which of the methods you will be able to adopt for the process.
Choosing the right methodology will help you build a great client base, accurate and quality work and submission, easy to trace the progress, and get feedback. Over the years, a lot of new methods have been adopted to make sure the company remains viable for the industry. With that being said, it is not recommended to use the same ways and technology for a project that you were using 5 or 7 years back. Here are the various methodologies that are widely used in Software Development nowadays.
Methodologies Used in Software Development:
Being one of the oldest of all the methods used today, this method is still prevailing because of its effective methodology. True to its name, it follows a sequential order of work to make sure that nothing goes wrong at the end of the project. This methodology requires a lot of research and understanding about the need and scope for the project before anything is begun. Since the work starts with a defined goal, nothing can be changed or altered in between the project. If any issues or alteration has to be done through midway, everything has to be done from the beginning. Only after a process is completely over, the project can be moved on to its next phase. So technically, there is no going back once the process is done. Even though this seems to be a lengthy process, the quality of the output will be second to none. There will not be any requirements for corrections once the project is done. And this is one of the major reasons why this method was able to prevail so long.
Feature Driven Development method (FDD)
This methodology is relatively dull down version of the LEAN and Agile practices. This method of developing software follows the golden rule of “two weeks.” Anything based on the project should be done within those two weeks so that the next stage of the project can be continued. Like the previous method, this method is also goal-oriented. No matter which method you choose, the end product is what matters the most. FDD is carried out in five stages;
Stage 1: Development of an overall model
Stage 2: Determining the features list
Stage 3: Planning the development process under the 2-weeks rule
Stage 4: Designing the feature
Stage 5: Build the feature.
What this allows the developer to do is that if any features cannot be finished within the 2-weeks, they can be further divided into multiple functions. It makes sure that there is a development in the project throughout the project. It also helps with any surprises that may jump out of nowhere as the project is continuously in progress. There is always room for adjustments.
The core reason for this method being used is to cope up with the changing demands and faster results. It is a client satisfaction-oriented methodology and requires a relatively larger team to do a project under this methodology.
Unlike a fixed goal development, this is more likely to be on the working software development process. Teams work on different parts of the software that has their own deliverables. By doing so, more work is completed on a reduced time frame. The agile process does not follow the absolute ant path of development. Random fragments of the software are developed by different teams and are finally put together at the end. It allows the developers to get reviews about that particular process even before the final product is developed. So, a lot of things are developed, reviewed, and corrected even before the software is fully developed. It is one of the best methodologies for more significant time and consumer-oriented project developments.
Scrum is a slightly delicate version of the agile process. This method is mainly for a team of small size. This method needs a lot of self-discipline and self-management. At the start of the project, the team gathers and sorts out all the required features and demands of the software to be developed. Once this is done, every person takes a particular part of the software and works on only that. By doing so, every feature of the project is under development at the same time. If you want to use this method, the most crucial factor that will help you in successfully completing a project is by daily team meetings. By sharing the updates and work process daily, any changes or corrections that have to be made can be done then and there. It also makes sure nothing is left unnoticed at the end of the project. Overall, this incorporates the traditional methods of developing with the modern that is the need for maximum efficiency and better results.
Extreme programming of XP follows a simple principle to track the progress of every project in the organization. The project as a whole is constructed based on what is needed over the project and what can be done. It means there are a lot of reviews and feedbacks gone through and rectified before the next part of the project is taken over. Once a particular segment of the software that is needed is completed as per the consumer’s need, it is then put into tests and then corrected. It is done until the consumer is completely satisfied with the final result of that particular process. By definition, this methodology is based entirely on customer’s needs and satisfaction and not based on time by any means. This methodology also makes every member of the team being involved in every process of the project. The complete attention of everyone in one process makes sure that the software at the end of the day is fault-free and needs no further rectification.
These are some of the most used methodologies in software development in recent days. Even though some of them quite old, they still have a lot of value and are always put to use effectively. You can be a large team or a small one. A group with a lot of time or working under a tight schedule, there is always one or another methodology that will help you get through it. Hybrid methodologies can also be put into action. The hybrid methodology is the practice of using two or more methods in the same project depending on the project’s demands.
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